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OTHER MAPS - Maps and plans showing handling of territories in Lithuania (till 1917)
Maps and plans showing handling of territories in Lithuania (1798-1860)

In archives between records about handling of estates in Lithuania discovered store maps and plans showing handling of territories in Lithuania. At this chapter we will try introduce main sets of these plans and maps.

At first should be mentioned set op plans in scale 1:5000 (mostly) prepared and published in long period 1798-1860 showing territories of part of Lithuania – Užnemunė (Suvalkija, Sūduva, Suwalszczyzna – territories on left bank of the river Nemunas. Definitely, set also shows territories of present NE Poland. Hopefully some maps (originals) could by find in archives in Poland. Plans (maps) from this set cover territories not completely – it was some gaps (probably according kind of ownership), territories of biggest cities were nor shown (unhappily).

Maps were created according decision of department of Properties in Warsaw (Warszawa), survey and maps were done by state’s land-surveyors.

 Maps and plans showing handling of territories in Lithuania

Index showing territories of present Lithuania which were covered by plans in scale 1:5000 (1798-1860). Index was prepared by famous lover of cartography Jonas Deksnys (1904-1989). More about J.Deksnys (in Lithuanian). Full size (link)

As mentioned, plans were in scale 1:5000. Colored plans (4 colors) were split into 16 squares – (4x4), size of each plan about 52x52 centimeters. Probably there wasn’t triangulation net, but hopefully should be used geometric net. Relief was not shown. Woods were shown in sepia color, grasslands in green, fields (plough) in yellow, water in blue. On versus additional information (such year of creating, surveyor, explication – mostly in Polish) was given.

Kalvarija 1839

As example – joined 4 sheets (fragment) of plans in scale 1:5000, surroundings of present city Kalvarija in Lithuania (1839). In 1839 these territories belongs not to city Kalvarija, but to estate Kalvarija (Estate Kalvarija shown below, now survive only fragment of estate Kalvarija – mill, some belongings). Full size (link)

Esatate Kalvarija 1839

As example – fragment of plan in scale 1:5000 (1839) showing estate Kalvarija (now SW part of city Kalvarija).

Plans and maps of the General land survey (Russia Empire, XVIII-XX c.)
Surveying - measures to establish the exact boundaries of individual holdings, carried out in the Russian Empire from the middle of the XVIII century until the beginning of XX century. Extant materials of the general land survey are different plans of land (from one parcel till to large administrative divisions), economic notes to the plans, which contain information about domains, lands belonging to individual villages, the villages, as well as information about the occupations of the population, boundary books, which contain the description of the boundaries of a site and field notes containing various documents that make up directly in surveying, for example, boundary moves, controversy, advertisements owners, the oath of witnesses persons. 

Different sources is controversial - whether maps and plans relating to the maps and plans of the general surveying on territories to west from St. Petersburg, Vitebsk, Molodechno provinces (see the diagram below, which shows area of the General ​​land survey before 1822) - i.e. on territories of Livonia, Curonia, proivinces of Vilnius, Kaunas?

The answer is simple - the plans and maps (as well as economic notes, field notes ...) showing the exact boundaries of individual holdings are (or have been published and preserved). However maps and plans showing the exact boundaries of individual holdings  on Vilnius, Kaunas provinces were published later - in the XIX century, some ownership plans were published from the end of XVIII century. It should be emphasized that the plans and maps showing the exact boundaries of individual holdings were also published and before the partition the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

General land survey of Russian Empire

Ar schema in red shown territories of Russian empire where General land survey of Russian Empire was don till 1822



It was succeeded find the following maps:

Map of district (in Russian - Ujezd) Kaunas of Vilnius province (in Russian - Gubernia), 1842 (scale 2 verst per inch / 1:84000),
Map of district Novo-Aleksandrovsk (now Zarasai) of Vilnius province, 1842 (scale 2 verst per inch / 1:84000), 
Map of district Panevezys of Kaunas province, 1852  (scale 2 verst per inch / 1:84000),
Map of district Raseiniai of Vilnius province, 1841  (scale 2 verst per inch / 1:84000),
Map of district Šiauliai of Vilnius province, 1843  (scale 2 verst per inch / 1:84000),
Map of district Telšiai of Kaunas province, 1843  (scale 2 verst per inch / 1:84000), 
Map of district Ukmergė of Vilnius province, 1842  (scale 2 verst per inch / 1:84000),
Map of State Property of Vilnius province, 1861  (scale 5 verst per inch / 1:210000).

* names of cities are standardized (as are now).

By different colors on maps shown subordination to different types holders of individual holdings.

Map of district Raseiniai of Vilnius province

City Raseiniai on Map of district Raseiniai of Vilnius province, 1841 (1:84000)

Map of district (in Russian - Ujezd) Kaunas of Vilnius province

City Kaunas on Map of district Kaunas of Vilnius province, 1842 (1:84000)

Map of district Kaunas of Vilnius province, 1842

City Merkinė on Map of district Kaunas of Vilnius province, 1842 (1:84000)

Map of district Novo-Aleksandrovsk of Vilnius province

City Breslauja(Браслав) on Map of district Novo-Aleksandrovsk of Vilnius province, 1842 (1:84000)

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